US stocks tumbled into the close, wrapping up their first losing quarter since the pandemic bear market, as Treasuries also pared the worst losses in at least five decades.
Moves in most financial markets were muted on the final day of a quarter that brought the twin threats of hawkish central banks bent on tamping down runaway inflation and the war in Ukraine. The S&P 500 declined, taking its loss in the three months to nearly 5 per cent, the most since March 2020. The two-year Treasury yield gained after a 150 basis-point surge that’s the most since 1984. Ten-year rates slipped, narrowing the spread to shorter tenors, as investors remain on edge over the threat a restrictive Federal Reserve will cause a recession. And oil slumped, but held just above US$100 a barrel in New York.
“The question is what kind of risk do we face in the second quarter?” Rob Haworth, senior investment strategy director at US Bank Wealth Management, said by phone. “We’re still well left with a lot.”
Stocks, sovereign bonds and corporate credit all got hammered in the year’s first months amid concerns about a growth slowdown as central banks move to tackle inflation by withdrawing stimulus. Investors who piled into commodities fared best, riding massive gains in everything from oil to nickel and wheat. Yet, the increases have exacerbated price concerns and may lead to a sharper response from central banks.
“The recent rally has masked a lot of pain over the past three months,” wrote Matt Maley, chief market strategist at Miller Tabak + Co. Thursday’s decline marked the S&P 500’s 35th down day this year, the greatest number of first-quarter drawdowns since 1984, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Oil slide as US President Joe Biden ordered a massive release of US oil reserves while also producing drillers to step up production. Meanwhile, stocks fell as US inflation-adjusted spending declined last month as prices tempered demand.
Brent and West Texas Intermediate prices dropped about 6 per cent, and European natural gas fell as Russia said it would halt gas contracts if buyers don’t pay in rubles.
“Aside from quarter-end considerations, oil is very much the center of attention,” Simon Ballard, chief economist at First Abu Dhabi Bank, wrote in a note to investors. Still, “all the usual suspects are still in play, keeping the market in check, including the specter of the Fed pursuing an aggressive path of monetary policy normalization over the coming months.”
Markets now see a strong chance the Federal Reserve will lift rates by a half point at its May meeting. The US 2-year yield briefly exceeded the 10-year for the first time since 2019 on Tuesday, inverting yet another segment of the Treasury curve and reinforcing the view that Fed rate increases may cause a recession.
“This week’s brief inversion in the US bond market, combined with elevated volatility on Treasury options, is a warning that the risk of US recession should not be ignored,” wrote Lewis Grant, a senior portfolio manager at Federated Hermes. “US bond markets are showing signs of stress. This is not mirrored in equities, where the VIX remains subdued and US indexes trade above their pre-war levels. The bond market would appear to have a better handle on the potential risks.”
Some key events to watch this week:
Some of the main moves in markets:
- The S&P 500 fell 1.6 per cent as of 4:05 pm New York time
- The Nasdaq 100 fell 1.5 per cent
- The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 1.6 per cent
- The MSCI World index fell 1.4 per cent
- The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index pink 0.3 per cent
- The euro fell 0.8 per cent to US$1.1069
- The British pound was little changed at US$1.3143
- The Japanese yen was little changed at 121.73 per dollar
- The yield on 10-year Treasuries declined two basis points to 2.33 per cent
- Germany’s 10-year yield declined 10 basis points to 0.55 per cent
- Britain’s 10-year yield declined six basis points to 1.61 per cent
- West Texas Intermediate crude fell 6.4 per cent to US$100.90 a barrel
- Gold futures rose 0.1 per cent to US$1,941.80 an ounce